Cultural Landscape of Sintra

Cultural Landscape of Sintra

Sintra, Portugal

In 1992, UNESCO expanded the World Heritage categories and established the “Cultural Landscape” criteria. Sintra proved the first such Cultural Landscape in Europe receiving its classification in 1995.

The core founding objective of Parques de Sintra targets safeguarding and valuing the main cultural and natural public goods located in the area covered by the Cultural Landscape of Sintra– World Heritage site.

in the 19th century, Sintra became the first centre of European Romantic architecture. King Ferdinand II turned a ruined monastery into a castle where this new sensitivity was displayed in the use of Gothic, Egyptian, Islamic and Renaissance elements and in the creation of a park blending local and exotic-species. Other prestigious homes built along the same lines in the surrounding Serra created a unique combination of parks and gardens which influenced the development of landscapes in Europe.

For further information, please see Cultural Landscape of Sintra or the edition Portugal and World Heritage.